Object Name
Plane, Smoothing
I. Cox
Wood --Iron
Catalogue Number

Length 24.4cm x Width 5.8cm x Height 13.9cm
a- Length 24.4cm x Width 5.8cm x Height 13.9cm
b- Length 10.6cm x Width 4.8cm x Height 1.7cm
c- Length 14.3cm x Width 5.1cm x Height 0.4cm


A wooden dutch horn smoothing plane comprised of three parts, the rectangular/box shaped body (a), the wooden wedge piece (b), and the iron (c). The wedge and the iron fit together in a cut-out in the middle of the body piece and the wedge holds the iron in place as it is exposed to the wood beneath. This plane also has a horn handle on the toe end. Stamped on the iron is a logo with "W" and "P" with a symbol of two crossed tools above them, and a rectangular shaped symbol in between the two letters. Below this is another logo with "WARRENTED" stamped above a rainbow shaped symbol with the same "W" and "P" logo beneath it. Beneath this is "WARD", and "Co".


Smoothing planes are used for the finest finishing work on the wood surface. Before sandpaper was in common use, surfaces such as veneers were not sanded down, but "smoothed" with the smoothing plane. It was essential to set the iron with extreme precision, and to work with the highest degree of skill.